admire、affect、afraid的用法复习知识点

2022-07-05 14:29:49

admire、affect、afraid的用法复习知识点
1、admire
admire(= respect / praise)vt.羡慕,钦佩,夸奖
admire sb.(for sth.)佩服某人某事
Visitors to Beijing greatly admire our Palace Museum.  去北京的游人极其羡慕我们的故宫。
I admire him for his wisdom.我佩服他的智慧。  别忘了夸奖孩子。
对比:envy(= jealous)vt.嫉妨,羡慕
envy sb.(sth.)嫉妒/羡慕某人某事  We all envy you your good future.  我们都很羡慕你的好运。
2、affect
affect(=have an effect on sth.)vt.影响(effect n.影响)
This may affect your health.  这或许会影响你的健康。

My throat is always affected by bad weather.我的嗓子总是受恶劣天气的影响。

初二下册英语电子课本
速记英语单词的方法
高中英语课本人教版

3、afraid
1)“be afraid of+名词”,意为“害怕”。
2)“be afraid of doing sth”意为“担心,害怕……”。
3)“be afraid for…”意为“为……担心。”
4)“be afraid that…”意为“担心,恐怕”。
5)“be afraid to do ”意为“害怕,担心而不敢做某事”。
6)I’m afraid so/not.恐怕是这样/恐怕不会这样
[应用]完成句子
①女孩子一般都怕蛇。Girls are usually______ _____snakes.
②他怕把杯子打碎,因而很小心。He was careful because he was afraid______ _____the glass.
③你不为自己的安全担心吗?Are you afraid_______your safety?
④恐怕她会迷路。I am _____  _____she will lose her way.
⑤汤姆把钱丢了,也不敢告诉他母亲。Tom lost the money and was afraid________ ______his mother.
Key:①afraid,of ②of,breaking ③for ④afraid,that ⑤to tell

Information has been put forward ____ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. 
A. while B. that C when D. as (2001年上海)
答案B。该题考查that引导的同位语从句。同位语从句通常由that引导,接在fact, news, promise, possibility, information, doubt, message名词后,用来解释或说明名词的内容。

—I think it is going to be a big problem.    —Yes, it could be.
—I wonder ______ we can do about it. (北京 2002春季)
A、if B、how C、what D、that
答案C。本题考察名词性从句的连接词的用法。wonder后面应跟宾语从句,而从句中的谓语动词do是及物动词,可见从句缺少一个代替宾语的成分,我们可以用排除法排除不作成分的if和that,再排除引导方式状语的how,答案是C,句子的意思是“我们能就此做些什么”。 

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